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The most expensive drink in the world is coffee – which gives you energy and keeps you awake all day. Do you know what it is made of? No! Let me tell you, this coffee is made from the seeds that come out of the coffee cherry fruit – coffee bean – what is this coffee bean? Let me tell you, Go ahead!

What is a Coffee Bean? 

A coffee bean is actually a coffee cherry bean which we read as a coffee bean for convenience. This is actually the seed of coffee cherry fruit. Green, yellow, purple, red are the four colors of coffee cherry fruit. Green is a sign of raw fruit, and when the beans ripen, many cherries turn purple-yellow or red depending on their breed, region, and climate. These coffee cherry seeds are called beans because of their resemblance to real beans. These seeds are hard as stone, but when their outer skin is peeled and roasted, they swell and become soft enough to be easily ground. 

Green Coffee Beans Vs. Roasted Coffee Beans

Green Coffee Beans Vs. Roasted Coffee Beans

There are two common types of coffee beans at the initial stage: Green coffee beans and roasted coffee beans. We call them green coffee beans or unroasted coffee beans before roasting, and they are stone-like hard, dense, thin having a light green or grayish-green color. On the other hand, roasted coffee beans are soft, swallow, and crispy, and they have a light brown or dark brown color.

What is a Peaberry Coffee Bean?

Usually, there are two beans in each seed of coffee cherry, but there is one type that has one bean in the seed, and the same type of coffee bean is called a peaberry. Peppermint beans are ten to fifteen percent higher than normal beans. According to our tests, these beans taste better than ordinary coffee beans. They are found in Africa, Hawaii, Brazil, and Indonesia.

What are the 4 Types of Coffee Beans?

Arabica, Robusta, Excelsa, and Liberica are the four main types of coffee beans that differ greatly in taste and texture. The last two of these are grown in very small quantities, while the world’s coffee depends on Arabica 60% and Robusta 40%

Arabica beans are tasty, soft, fruity, and low in caffeine. In contrast, Robusta beans are high in caffeine, harsh in taste, and somewhat bitter. Robusta beans are round, while Arabica is oval in shape. If 60% Arabica and 40% Robusta are used in a blend, then the resulting espresso has a very balanced flavor, and it also gets more foam. 

Coffee Beans are a Major Cash Crop 

Coffee has become one of the most important cash crops in the world as it is the most consumed beverage in the world due to its delicious taste. Every year 155 million 60 kg coffee bags are consumed all over the world, the number is growing gradually. The number of coffee-producing countries is close to 70, but the top coffee-producing countries are Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, and Indonesia, and they are producing 50% of the total production of coffee. Surprisingly, the coffee exporting countries are earning only 11% of the total coffee revenue by exporting coffee; the rest of the coffee revenue is being earned by the brands selling coffee products.

By the way, there are hundreds of brands that sell different coffee products from coffee beans, but the most popular ones are around 150. Out of these 150 brands, three are top of the list. In my opinion, Starbucks, Nespresso, and Keurig are the three brightest coffee stars in the sky.

For us the best coffee in the world is grown in Rwanda. A massively underappreciated coffee nation that has the ideal climate, soil, and altitude for growing exceptional coffee. We visited Rwanda in 2018 and were blown away by the natural beauty, the people, and the amazing fresh produce that was available.
The Rwanda Nyampinga from Equator coffees is a great example of what Rwanda has to offer. This all women co-op has been constantly improving their beans, starting by selling in the local market, and now produces as good coffee as anywhere in the world. Their farms are located in Nyaruguru in the south of Rwanda, grown at 5,800 feet asl and washed processed for bright, clean flavors with great complexity.

Matt Woodburn-Simmonds Co-Founder homecoffeeexperts.com

How Coffee Beans Reached Across the World?

The long history of coffee begins in 850 AD with the legend that a shepherd from Yemen (Ethiopia) discovered coffee beans. Until 1500 AD, Arab and Turkish traders continued exporting coffee beans from the Yemeni city of Mocha to Asia, Africa, and some European countries. Along with coffee beans, Arab traders also exported coffee plants to India, Indonesia, and some other countries. It was only in the sixteenth century that Dutch merchants brought it to Japan, Korea, and France. During their travels from Indonesia to Japan, these Dutch merchants invented cold-brewed coffee.

  • From 1600 to 1700, coffee cultivation began in India, Indonesia, Guatemala, and Colombia.
  • Coffee beans began to be grown in Peru in 1750. In the late 1800s, coffee bean cultivation started in Honduras.
  • In 1727, coffee beans began to be grown in Brazil.
  • In 1790, the Spanish introduced the coffee bean plant to Mexico.
  • Samuel Reverend Ruggles was credited with bringing the first coffee slip to Hawaii in 1828.
  • Coffee plants arrived in Vietnam in 1850 through French missionaries.
  • Coffee bean cultivation started in Uganda in 1900.
  • Coffee bean cultivation began in Lao in 1920.

Global Regions for Coffee Beans

There are six primary regions for growing coffee beans: Africa, Central America, South America, Caribbean, Hawaii, and Indonesia Asia. These regions are also known as the “Bean Belt,” the location along the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

African Coffee Beans

Africa is known for producing the fruitiest coffees in the world. Bright acidity with wine-like, floral, and fruity flavors such as citrus, berries, bergamot, and even hints of jasmine are typical characteristics of the region’s coffee beans. Here are some popular types of coffee beans of Africa:

  1. Ethiopian Yirgacheffe
  2. Organic Congo Kivu Coffee
  3. Cooper’s Cask Coffee
  4. Kenya Peaberry Coffee
  5. Tanzanian Peaberry Coffee
  6. Burundi Kavugangoma
  7. Uganda’s Good African Coffee
  8. Ethiopian Harrar Coffee
  9. Kenya AA Coffee
  10. Uganda’s Good African Coffee
  11. Madagascar Excellence Roasted Coffee
  12. Cameroon Arabica Coffee
  13. Côte d’Ivoire – Ivory Coast’s Coffee Beans
  14. DRC’s Virunga Beans

African coffee beans from Kirinyaga, Kenya, are the best in the world. Growing up in Kirinyaga on my grandfather’s coffee farm, I experienced firsthand the labor of love that goes into the crop until it becomes the bean that billions of people across the world enjoy. As I sip a cup of coffee made from freshly roasted African coffee beans from Kirinyaga, I feel the fruity notes only found in the high-altitude region. As I add another fill, I feel the inviting notes of the God-given attributes of the region: the terroir, soil, and temperature. And finally, the coffee gives you a love of the farmers tending the crop.

Mukurima Muriuki founder of African Coffee Club

Central America Coffee Beans

The coffee in Central America has clean, bright, and balanced characteristics like moderate to high acidity, pleasant mouthfeel, and fruity tones. The variation of flavors depends on the difference in countries. Here are some popular types of Central American coffee beans:

  1. Panama Coffee Beans
  2. Costa Rican Coffee Beans
  3. El Salvador Coffee Beans
  4. Guatemalan Coffee Beans
  5. Honduras Coffee Beans
  6. Mexican Coffee Beans
  7. Nicaraguan Coffee Beans

South America Coffee Beans

South American coffees have a light to medium body with a balanced and clean mouthfeel, often accented by sparkling, crisp tasting notes. They are known for their lively acidity that may also be spicy. Here are some popular types of South American coffee beans:

  1. Belizean coffee beans
  2. Bolivian coffee beans
  3. Brazilian Coffee Beans
  4. Chilean Coffee Beans
  5. Cuban Coffee Beans
  6. Colombian Coffee Bean
  7. Ecuadorian Coffee Beans
  8. Paraguay Coffee Beans
  9. Puerto Rico Coffee Beans
  10. Peru Coffee Beans
  11. Trinidad and Tobago Coffee Beans
  12. Venezuelan Coffee Beans

Caribbean Coffee Beans

The Caribbean climate creates conditions that are highly friendly to coffee production and growth. Its soil produces medium to full-bodied roasts with a good balance of flavors. Here are some famous Caribbean coffees:

  1. Jamaican Coffee Beans
  2. Dominican Coffee Beans
  3. Haitian Coffee Beans
  4. Blue Mountain Coffee Beans

Hawaiian Coffee Beans

Hawaii has six regions for coffee bean production: Kona, Ka’u, Hamakua, Puna, Maui, Kauai and Molokai. Each region has a unique coffee profile due to its varying climate. In general, Hawaiian coffee is bright, clean, and crisp with tasting notes of milk chocolate, brown sugar, molasses, and honey. It has a smooth, syrupy mouthfeel. Here are seven types of Hawaiian coffee:

  1. Kona Coffee Beans
  2. Ka’u Coffee Beans
  3. Hamakua Coffee Beans
  4. Puna Coffee Beans
  5. Maui Coffee Beans
  6. Kauai Coffee Beans
  7. Molokai Coffee Beans

Indonesian Coffee Beans

Indonesian coffees have earthy, mustiness, spice, wood, tobacco, and leather tasting notes. It is characterized by the typical dark and bold flavor profile with a prominent earthiness. It is a region where the semi-wash process creates a long-lasting finish that feels like unsweetened or dark cocoa. Here are the top Indonesian coffee beans:

  1. Bali Coffee Beans
  2. Sumatra Coffee Beans
  3. Sulawesi Celebes Coffee Beans
  4. Sulawesi Toraja Coffee Beans
  5. Java Coffee Beans
  6. Timor Coffee Beans
  7. Papua Coffee Beans
  8. Sumatra Gayo Coffee
  9. Bali Blue Moon Indonesian Coffee
  10. Sulawesi Toraja Coffee
  11. Mocha Java Blend
  12. Java Taman Dadar Indonesia Coffee
  13. Sumatra Mandheling Coffee
  14. Java Taman Dadar Coffee
  15. Sulawesi Kalossi Coffee

Bolivian coffee Beans

Classic and clean taste; delicate and bright acidity; sweet and aromatic quality; fruity notes including apple, pear, tangerine, lemon, and apricot; caramel and mild chocolate flavors; these are all the characteristics of Bolivian coffee beans. Here are the top famous types of Bolivian coffee beans:

  1. Typical Coffee Beans
  2. Caturra Coffee Beans
  3. Catuai Coffee Beans
  4. Yungas Coffee Beans
  5. Santa Cruz Coffee Beans
  6. Cochabamba Coffee Beans
  7. Tarija Coffee Beans
  8. Beni Coffee Beans
  9. Pando Coffee Beans
  10. Bolivia Peaberry Coffee Beans
  11. Parisi Artisan Coffee Beans
  12. Aficionado Coffee Beans
  13. Larry’s Organic Coffee Beans
  14. Fair Trade Certified Coffee Beans

Brazilian Coffee Beans

Brazilian coffee has a soft, smooth, nutty, chocolatey, low acidity flavor profile which offers a nice bittersweet chocolate taste. We can taste milk chocolates, bitter cocoas, and toasted almonds in Brazilian coffees. Here are some famous types of Brazilian coffee beans:

  1. Obatã Coffee Beans
  2. Icatu Coffee Beans
  3. Catuaí Coffee Beans
  4. Catuaí Rubi Coffee Beans
  5. Mundo Novo Coffee Beans
  6. Minas Gerais Coffee Beans
  7. Cerrado de Minas Coffee Beans
  8. Chapada de Minas Coffee Beans
  9. Matas de Minas Coffee Beans
  10. Sul de Minas Coffee Beans
  11. Espírito Santo Coffee Beans
  12. São Paulo Coffee Beans
  13. Centro-Oeste de São Paulo Coffee Beans
  14. Mogiana Coffee Beans

Burundi Coffee Beans

Burundi coffee beans tend to be high in acidity, full body with sweet flavors of blueberry, pineapple, and hints of citrus. If you find coffee beans grown at a higher altitude, you’ll feel more acidity and citric notes when you taste them. These coffee beans reach a score of 86 or higher recognized by the Specialty Coffee Association.

  • Cibitoke Coffee Beans
  • Bubanza Coffee Beans
  • Kayanza Coffee Beans
  • Ngozi Coffee Beans
  • Kirundo Coffee Beans
  • Muyinga Coffee Beans
  • Kazi Coffee Beans
  • Krimiro Coffee Beans
  • Burundi Coffee Beans
  • Coffee Beans
  • Muramvya Coffee Beans
  • Bururi Coffee Beans
  • Makamba Coffee Beans
  • Red Bay Coffee Motherland
  • Barbarossa Coffee Beans
  • Joe Coffee Burundi Kibingo
  • Burundi Kinyovu Whole Bean Coffee
  • For Five Coffee Roasters Burundi Light Roast

Colombian Coffee Beans

Colombian coffees have a mellow acidity and a strong caramel sweetness, perhaps with nutty-tasting notes. These are characterized by the typical sweet and medium-bodied flavor profile with a prominent chocolate undertone. 

  1. Colombian Peaberry (Volcanica Coffee)
  2. Colombian Supremo (Volcanica Coffee)
  3. Irving Farm – Monserrate
  4. Don Pablo Colombian Supremo
  5. Joe Coffee – La Familia Guarnizo
  6. PEET’S Single-Origin Colombia
  7. Greater Goods – Rise and Shine
  8. Blackwelder Coffee Colombian Supremo
  9. Koffee Kult Huila Coffee
  10. Java Planet Colombia Organic

Congo Coffee Beans

There are many coffee-growing areas in Congo, and they grow highly versatile coffee. Some can be more fruity, with red plum, cantaloupe, stone fruit, plum, cherry, and licorice notes, and some have a creamy, with white chocolate, vanilla, and hazelnut when brewed. Here are some popular types of Congo coffee beans:

  1. Organic Congo Kivu
  2. Grauer’s Gorilla Fund-Congo Coffee Dark Roast FTO
  3. Congo Hutwe Bukununu
  4. Isiro Coffee Beans
  5. Ubangi Coffee Beans
  6. Uele Coffee Beans
  7. Kivu Coffee Beans
  8. Kasai Coffee Beans
  9. Bas-Congo Coffee Beans
  10. Ituri Coffee Beans

Indian Coffee Beans

Most Indian farmers grow Robusta coffee that is known for its spicy flavors such as cardamom, cloves, pepper, and nutmeg notes. It also contains hints of tropical fruits. But the taste is light and unaffected. Some popular types of Indian coffee beans are as follows:

  1. Indian Green Coffee Beans
  2. Indian Bean Frowner’s Coffee
  3. Flying Squirrel 
  4. Blue Tokai Coffee
  5. Darshan Coffee
  6. Urban Platter
  7. Volcanica Monsoon Malabar AA
  8. Deckan Indian Peaberry Giri Estates
  9. Equator Decaf India Ratnagiri

Rwanda Coffee Beans

Rwandan coffee offers notes of a silky, creamy body with Kenyan coffee acidity and Ethiopian Ergashef coffee flower notes. It smells like orange blossoms and lemons and then tastes like a rich caramel and white chocolate.

  • Methodical Coffee Rwanda Kanzu Lot 
  • Joe Coffee Rwanda Ejo Heza
  • Westrock Coffee Company Rwanda Select Reserve
  • Cubico Coffee Rwanda Kopakaki Coffee
  • Teasia Coffee Rwanda Single-Origin

Vietnamese Coffee Beans

Vietnamese coffee beans are almost twice as strong in terms of caffeine as they are often Robusta. They have a thick taste and high acidity. Strong flavors, a thick blend create a more distinctive flavor. Here are some popular Vietnamese coffee beans:

  1. Vinacafe Instant Coffee Mix Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  2. Saigon Phin Daklak Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  3. Trung Nguyen Premium Blend Vietnamese Coffee Brands
  4. Trung Nguyen G7 3 In 1 Instant Coffee Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  5. Chestbrew Whole Bean MoonBear Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  6. Dalat Highlands Robusta Whole Bean Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  7. Trung Nguyen G7 Black Instant Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  8. Masterpiece Premium Ground Coffee Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  9. Bina’s LaCafe Ham Rong Mountain Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  10. Chest Brew Whole Bean Grizzly Bear Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  11. Bach Whole Bean Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  12. Nguyen Coffee Loyalty Brooklyn Roasted Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  13. VN Roaster Butter Roasted Coffee Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  14. Trung Nguyen Creative 4 Premium Culi Vietnamese Coffee Brand
  15. Trung Nguyen Gourmet Blend Vietnamese Coffee Brand

Yemeni Coffee Beans

Yemeni coffee is known worldwide as Mocha coffee. It is a full-bodied coffee with indications of alcohol acidity. It is a coffee that includes cardamom and cinnamon spice notes, as well as dried fruit notes such as raisins and sweet spices. Here are some popular types of Yemen coffee beans:

  1. Harazi Coffee
  2. Peaberry Coffee
  3. Matter Coffee
  4. Hafashi Coffee
  5. Ismaili Coffee
  6. Utmai Coffee
  7. Mocha Coffee
  8. Organic Mocha Java Blend
  9. Haraz Coffee
  10. Mocca Sanani Coffee
  11. Haraaz Coffee

What is Organic Certification for Coffee Beans?

The organic certification confirms that coffee products have followed quality controls from tree to cup. The purpose of this certificate is to protect organic standards. Each country has its own rules for organic certification, the strictest of which are from the European Union and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).

What is Fair Trade USA?

A non-profit organization called FairTrade USA has been formed to ensure that coffee meets a set of strict standards. The organization promotes environmental sustainability. It also ensures that those involved in coffee production are fully compensated and treated fairly. The organization also monitors chocolate, sugar, and other such items along with coffee.

Which are the best coffee beans?

The good and the bad of coffee beans are 100% dependent on your choice. Straightforward! Coffee beans that meet your taste standards are the best coffee beans for you, and those that do not meet your taste standards are not good for you. Right! If you are asking me about the coffee beans that coffee drinkers like the most in the world, these are the types of coffee beans that I have mentioned below.

  • Tanzania Peaberry Coffee.
  • Hawaii Kona Coffee.
  • Nicaraguan Coffee.
  • Sumatra Mandheling Coffee.
  • Sulawesi Toraja Coffee.
  • Mocha Java Coffee.
  • Ethiopian Harrar Coffee.
  • Ethiopian Yirgacheffe Coffee.

Can you make coffee beans at home?

It doesn’t matter if you aren’t an expert at roasting coffee. Being ignorant of the art of roasting coffee does not mean that you do not enjoy freshly roasted coffee at home. By the following steps, you can prepare a delicious cup of coffee that you can enjoy at home.

  1. Planting a coffee cherry tree
  2. Picking coffee cherries from the coffee cherry tree 
  3. Milling the coffee cherries 
  4. Drying the coffee cherry seeds 
  5. Storing the coffee cherry beans
  6. Parchment Removal from the outside of coffee beans 
  7. Roasting the coffee beans 
  8. Removal of the silver skin from the outside of the coffee cherry beans 
  9. Grinding the coffee cherry beans 
  10. Brewing the coffee 

Coffee beans Vs. Coffee grounds? How long do They Stay Fresh?

Non-ground coffee beans are called whole coffee beans, and when they are ground, they are called coffee grounds. There are two types of whole coffee beans: green or unroasted coffee beans and roasted coffee beans. Green coffee beans, if stored properly, do not change their taste for one to two years, but when they are roasted, they lose their flavor within one to two months. Ground coffee, on the other hand, retains its freshness for up to two days if not sealed.

How can you tell which coffee beans are Good?

Coffee that meets your taste and quality is the best. Most coffee testers prefer Arabica beans because Arabica coffee has a delicate flavor and low acidity. If you buy coffee online or go to coffee shops to buy coffee, be sure to check the packaging of the coffee beans. You will find this information on the coffee packaging, whether it is Robusta or Arabica. According to the tests I have done, if a blend of 60% Arabica and 40% Robusta is prepared, the result is a more flavorful and more foamy espresso.

Which country has the best coffee Beans in the world?

There are only 80 countries in the world whose climatic conditions meet the needs of coffee trees, but they all cannot export coffee because the climate of each country is not capable of producing high-quality coffee on a large scale. Growing the best coffee beans depends on climatic conditions such as sea level, rainfall, sunlight, and soil texture. However, Colombia, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Yemen, Ethiopia, and Jamaica are the countries that produce the highest coffee beans.

What Brand has the best tasting coffee Beans?

There are more than 150 coffee brands that are at a glance, and they are producing thousands of coffee products. But when it comes to choosing good coffee beans, there are a few. Your wrong choice of coffee beans can doom your drink, and your money is wasted! Therefore we have chosen twelve coffee brands that have the best tasting coffee beans:

  1. Stumptown Coffee Roasters
  2. Intelligentsia Coffee
  3. Mount Hagen
  4. La Colombe Coffee Roasters
  5. Death Wish Coffee 
  6. Koa Coffee 
  7. Organic Medium Roast Coffee by LifeBoost 
  8. Blue Mountain Coffee from Jamaica.
  9. Volcanica Coffee 
  10. Kenyan AA Coffee Beans.
  11. Peaberry Beans From Tanzania.
  12. Sumatra Mandheling Beans from Indonesia.

Which Coffee Bean is the Healthiest?

All coffee beans have the advantages and disadvantages of equal texture, except that Robusta coffee beans contain twice as much caffeine as Arabica. The secret to good health lies in brewing coffee beans. According to my tests, black coffee or espresso is the healthiest drink because it is without calories, fats, and carbohydrates. It is rich in micronutrients, including potassium, magnesium, and niacin.

What are Colombian coffee beans?

Columbia coffee is considered one of the best coffee beans in the world. It contains heavy notes of chocolate and nuts or light fruit and flower notes. It is one of the most expensive coffees in the world due to its superior taste. It is grown in areas of Colombia that are best suited for coffee cultivation.

Which Coffee Bean is the Most Expensive in the World?

According to my review, Kopi Luwak, Black Ivory Coffee, Thai Dragon Coffee, and Monkey Chewed Coffee are the most expensive coffee beans in the world.

Of these, Kopi Luwak is made from the feces of civet cats, and Black Ivory and Thai dragons are made from the feces of elephants. Monkey Chewed coffee, on the other hand, is made from coffee beans that are chewed and thrown away by monkeys.

Black Ivory and Thai Dragon Coffee are prepared in elephant farms in Thailand, while Kopi Lovak and Monkey Chewed coffees are produced in the forests of India.

Role of Coffee Beans in Italian Coffee?

Italy is one of the few countries in the world that has played a significant role in promoting coffee. Italian engineers have invented state-of-the-art coffee brewing machines, ranging from manual brewing to super-automatic machines.

The secret of the Italian coffee flavor is that it stores green coffee beans very well and roasts only coffee beans that are sufficient for one day’s requirement. As soon as the beans are roasted, they are brewed after a while. Thus Italian coffee is considered one of the best coffee in the world.


To the best of my knowledge and experience, I have told you all about coffee beans, but coffee beans are such a wide-ranging topic that it takes a lot of books to cover them. However, if your thirst for knowledge is not yet quenched and you want to know more about coffee beans, you can read more by clicking on the links given in the article above.

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